Floor heat insulation

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Floor heat insulation

Proper floor insulation will help against both cold feet and noise.

 

Floor insulation in new buildings is required by legislation. Using heat insulation in your floor, you will comply with law, reduce your energy cost and make underfloor heating more efficient. In addition, if you live in a house with several floors, the insulation will also subdue the sound penetrating from the floor above.

Available materials

 

Feature one: heat insulation

Up to 25% of all heat can escape through uninsulated floors. Insulation is particularly useful where the floor separates rooms with a large temperature difference, such as the living area and the garage. It is also useful for ground-floor floors that sit on the ground or cover a basement.

Foamed polystyrene, grey polystyrene foam (with added graphite for even better thermal insulation) and mineral wool are the materials most commonly used to insulate the floor.

Feature two: soundproofing

Floor insulation on the floors prevents the transmission of sound between rooms. In the first place, it subdues loud music or speech – i.e. the airborne sound. This good airborne sound insulating performance is primarily found in mineral wool.

But there is also the noise transmitted through the structure as a result of people walking, furniture being moved or objects having fell down on the floor, and this requires impact sound insulation. In this case, both mineral wool and elasticated polystyrene will do the job.

Acoustic insulation of floating floors

Soundproofing is essential for floating floors.
See what is a good composition of a properly insulated lightweight or heavyweight floating floor.

Lightweight floating floors

The spreader layer is made of boards (OSBs for example) rather than concrete. 
It should always be done as a complete certified system (e.g. the system solutions Rigips).
Isover T-P basalt fibre boards can be used as acoustic insulation.

More information

Heavyweight floating floor

The spreader layer is made of concrete or anhydrite, which gives the floor its durability and good acoustic parameters. For even better soundproofing, use Isover N or Isover T-N mineral insulation or Isover EPS RigiFloor elasticated polystyrene boards in your floor.
 

More information

Did you know that...

...floor heat insulators can be combined? By adding EPS boards to mineral insulation boards, you can achieve greater insulation thickness without the risk of compression.

Insulating floors sitting on the ground

The floor on your ground floor needs thermal insulation rather than soundproofing.
The reason is that the soil under the floor has an average temperature of 4–8 °C.
What are the insulation options depending on the floor’s load?

Standard load

It is a load common in detached houses. For such loads, classic floating floor with expanded polystyrene insulation, such a Isover EPS 100 or Isover EPS Grey 100, is perfectly suitable. Extruded polystyrene (XPS) is used as insulation under the foundation slab.

More information

High load

High structural load is any load over 500 kg/m2. As this rules out the floating floor, what needs to be used is heavy-duty expanded polystyrene, such as Isover EPS 150 or Isover EPS 200, or extruded polystyrene.

More information

How do I insulate my attic floor?

The first thing you need to know is how you are going to use your attic.

Walk-on floor

If you want to use the loft as a living space, to store things, or you know you'll be expecting revisions there from time to time, our Isover StepCross system is the most suitable. This system combines the strength of EPS beams and the high thermal efficiency of mineral wool. 

More about the system

Non-walking floor

Insulate the floor even if you are not going to use the space in order to prevent the loss of heat on the lower floor. What is sufficient is a vapour barrier, like  Isover Vario® KM Duplex UV, with mineral wool like Isover Domo Plus laid on it and covered with an anti-dust layer. 

More information

Don't know which insulation to choose?

Our technical specialists will help you.
They will advise you on the choice of material, the composition of the structure and will prepare a price calculation for you free of charge.

domecek

 

podpora@saint-gobain.com
+420 226 292 221

 

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